January 28, 2013
(Washington, DC)— As Medicare, Medicaid, and commercial health plans explore new ways to reduce costs, a new study finds that the extraordinary number of pharmacies in the United States offers an opportunity to save $115 billion over the next decade through the greater use of preferred and limited pharmacy networks. The study from Visante finds that preferred and limited pharmacy networks can reduce costs while meeting the national access standards of the popular Medicare Part D program, the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association (PCMA) said today.
Today, most plans use “open networks,” where all participating drugstores offer basic discounts and consumers pay copays instead of the cash price. Far fewer plans use preferred networks (where the drugstores that offer the best discounts are “preferred” over other network pharmacies) and even fewer plans use “limited networks” (which include only the drugstores with the best discounts).
“Since the U.S. now has more pharmacies than McDonald’s, Burger Kings, Pizza Huts, Wendy’s, Taco Bells, Kentucky Fried Chickens, Domino’s Pizzas, and Dunkin’ Donuts combined, greater use of drugstore networks can save billions without undermining patient access,” said PCMA President and CEO Mark Merritt. “For public programs, it’s far better to reduce health costs by encouraging drugstores to compete than to randomly slash enrollee benefits or provider payments.”
Major findings include:
- Greater use of preferred and limited pharmacy networks generates savings. Greater use of preferred and limited pharmacy networks could save payers an additional $115 billion over the next ten years and achieve the savings estimated below while meeting Medicare’s pharmacy access standards.
- Medicaid: $26 billion
- Medicare savings: $35 billion
- Commercial sector savings: $54 billion
- Total savings: $115 billion
- Pharmacies as common as fast food restaurants. Today, there are more drugstores in the U.S. than McDonald’s, Burger Kings, Pizza Huts, Wendy’s, Taco Bells, Kentucky Fried Chickens, Domino’s Pizzas, and Dunkin’ Donuts combined, creating a highly competitive environment.
Three types of retail pharmacy networks include:
- Open Pharmacy Network. Plans create a broad network open to virtually all drugstores that agree to offer basic discounts to the plans. A plan’s enrollees can use their prescription drug benefits at all network pharmacies for the same copay/cost share. This is currently the most widely used type of retail pharmacy network.
- Preferred Pharmacy Network. Plans create a select group of preferred pharmacies within a broader network of non-preferred drugstores. Preferred pharmacies offer plans better discounts than the non-preferred drugstores, and plans, in turn, lower copays/cost sharing for enrollees who choose them. Use of preferred networks is growing and can lower prescription costs by an estimated 5%, compared to open networks, while meeting Medicare’s pharmacy access standards nationally.
- Limited Pharmacy Network. Plans create a network limited to drugstores that offer deep discounts. Plan enrollees have the same copay at all pharmacies in the network. Compared to open networks, limited networks can lower costs by up to 10% or more.
Despite the growth and popularity of pharmacy networks, some public policies undermine their use in Medicaid, Medicare, and the commercial sector.
- “Any Willing Pharmacy” policies. These are laws and regulations that force plans to contract with pharmacies that don’t meet their quality standards or geographic access needs. According to the Federal Trade Commission, such policies discourage competition and limit access to affordable healthcare.
- Drugstore payments in Medicaid set by political officials, not market forces. State government officials set pharmacy reimbursement rates for Medicaid that are often higher than those negotiated by health plans in Medicare and the commercial market. When plans are not allowed to negotiate, drugstores have less incentive to offer discounts in exchange for being included in networks.
- Litigation by independent drugstores. Independent drugstores have launched a wave of lawsuits aimed at hobbling the ability of Medicaid and Medicare to implement preferred and limited pharmacy networks.